Eleventh Sunday of Ordinary Time Franciscan Gospel Reflection

Sister JulieAnn Sheahan

June 12, 2024

Franciscan Friar Fr. Paul Gallagher reflects on the Gospel readings for the Eleventh Sunday of Ordinary Time. In what ways is the Kingdom of God like a seed growing within you?

The content is edited by Franciscan Sister of Christian Charity Sister Anne Marie Lom and Joe Thiel. The excerpts from the Sunday readings are prepared by Joe Thiel. To read or download the complete pdf with excerpts for your prayer, please click here Franciscan Gospel Reflection June 16 2024. Excerpts are from the Lectionary for Mass for Use in the Dioceses of the United States of America, second typical edition © 2001, 1998, 1997, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC. Used with permission. All rights reserved. No portion of this text may be reproduced by any means without permission in writing from the copyright owner. Photos: Denis Bastianelli, CIRAD, CC BY 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons; kallerna, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

Mark 4:26-34

Jesus said to the crowd, “This is how it is with the kingdom of God; it is as if a man were to scatter seed on the land and would sleep and rise night and day and the seed would sprout and grow, he knows not how. Of its own accord the land yields fruit, first the blade, then the ear, then the full grain in the ear. And when the grain is ripe, he wields the sickle at once, for the harvest has come.”

He said, “To what shall we compare the kingdom of God, or what parable can we use for it? It is like a mustard seed that, when it is sown in the ground, is the smallest of all the seeds on the earth. But once it is sown, it springs up and becomes the largest of plants and puts forth large branches, so that the birds of the sky can dwell in its shade.”

With many such parables he spoke the word to them as they were able to understand it. Without parables he did not speak to them, but to his own disciples he explained everything in private.


The Gospel text for today is composed of two short parables that draw on the common experience of people of the day. Both parables reflect the experience of planting seeds, and how they develop into mature plants. While the parables may reflect understanding from an earlier time of how seeds develop into mature plants, they still point to the sacred mystery that is unfolding in creation every day—a mystery that is barely perceptible as it is unfolding.

As Jesus tells these parables, it would seem that the farmers do not do the work of weeding, fertilizing or watering. The fact that the pants grow and develop to maturity on their own adds to the sense of mystery—God unfolding what it is that God desires in the seeds that God has created, in the earth, the rain and the sun. The plants, like the reign of God, are unfolding as God has established.

Agriculture was one of the places where people of Jesus’ day could be surprised by abundance. For the most part, people believed that everything was fixed according to God’s plan, and the goods of the earth had already been distributed by God. If a person suddenly had more of something, it was generally assumed that they had gained it by improper means.

Thus, the woman who finds her lost coin throws a lavish party to celebrate finding the coin. She makes her discovery public, warding off speculations about how she got the coin. It is also much less likely that neighbors will be critical if they have enjoyed a portion of its fruit.

But farming was one of the places where the surprise of abundance might be experienced without the presumption of foul play. At the same time there was also an understanding that if one did have more than they needed for their survival, the abundance was to be shared with those in need. Thus, the familiar parable of the farmer who thought he would build larger storage bins for an abundant harvest, and live off his surplus for years in the future. He died enjoying neither the abundant harvest nor the good reputation he could have had by sharing the abundance with those in need. Instead, when he died, a different reputation continued on after his death.

Reflection Questions:

  1. Have there been times in your personal life where you were unaware of growth, diminishment, or changes that were largely imperceptible? How did the becoming aware affect you?
  2. What are some of your favorite images of the reign of God?
  3. What qualities do you find in people who tend the earth, gardens, orchards, and sheep and cattle? How do those qualities affect their relationships to God and others?
  4. In what ways is the Kingdom of God like a seed?
  5. In what ways is the Kingdom of God like a seed growing within you?
  6. Can you take some time now to talk with God about your hopes for the reign of God, the way and pace that it seems to be unfolding, and your own willingness to let God work in God’s time?


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